Thick hedge of arrow bamboo with large leaves

Pseudosasa Japonica Arrow Bamboo

An arrow should be made from a suitable piece of wood that is light yet firm and as straight as possible. That is why the Japanese Samurai prefer Arrow Bamboo.

Quick Facts

  • Common names: Arrow Bamboo, Japanese Arrow Bamboo, Yadake
  • Botanical name: Pseudosasa Japonica
  • Type: Running
  • Average height: 18 feet (5.5 m)
  • Average diameter: Less than 1 inch (2.5 cm)
  • Hardiness: 0°F (-18 °C)
  • USDA zones: 7 to 10
  • UK Hardiness Zones: H6-H2
  • Light requirements: Full sun to partial shade
  • Best use: Arrows and wood crafts, privacy screen, container, ornamental purposes, erosion control, windbreak
USDA Zones 7-10 highlighted in green on a USA map
USDA Zones 7-10

What are the characteristics of Arrow Bamboo?

Arrow Bamboo or Yadake comes from the Poaceae family. Yadake is Japanese literally means arrow (“Ya”) bamboo (“Dake”).

What about the words “Pseudo” and “Sasa”? Pseudo is a Greek word meaning false. Sasa is a Japanese species of bamboo. Arrow bamboo is comparable to Sasa but its flowers only have three stamens while Sasa has six.

It is a persuasive and tough, increasing, evergreen bamboo species. It is the most widely grown bamboo in the U.S. It is also native in Japan and Korea.

You will love these beautiful glossy leaves that are 5 to 13 inches (13-33 cm) long and almost 2 inches (5 cm) wide. It is bigger than other regular bamboo leaves. Its leaves are greener in full sun and lighter in shady areas. You can plant it in containers and keep it outdoors or indoors.

This is an excellent choice for low growing screens. It will simply branch out low to the ground with its drooping leaves. Cutting to a node will create two culms sprouting out from one and generate a dense evergreen hedge to whichever height you desire.

This is the best windy seaside plant. Its runners can tolerate the salty breeze. It can grow up to 18 feet (5.5 m) high. You may also notice some clusters of green or brownish spikelets that may emerge anytime.

It is an invasive type of bamboo. It spreads by wide-creeping rhizomes to create bushes. Spreading happens vigorously if they are searching for water. This the reason why it works well for securing creek banks and the like. It is considered invasive in Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia.

How to grow arrow bamboos?

Arrow bamboos thrive well in rich and moist but well-drained soil. You can choose to place it in full sun or in partial shade. You may need to watch out for its invasive roots especially in warm conditions.

You can propagate arrow bamboos by division. Just divide the clumps in spring. Keep it moist until well- established.

You may notice some weak or damaged stems in spring. Simply remove them to show off its best features. You may also choose to cut off any flowering shoots to restrain them from increasing.

This bamboo is virtually pest and disease free but watch out for some slugs from time to time. These slugs may damage some new shoots.

What are the benefits of growing arrow bamboos?

The straight and woody canes of arrow bamboo make excellent garden poles to support some plants and vegetables.

You can also cut it for your art projects. How about a DIY Japanese arrow? A birdhouse? Decoration? This bamboo is really perfect for any crafty idea you have.

Arrow bamboos serve as year-round protection. It can be used as a windbreak on stormy days and it can give shade on hot summer days.

Whether it is for your garden or just simply a DIY craft, arrow bamboo can satisfy your needs.

Photo source: Namazu-tron [Wikimedia Commons]

About Us

Woman (Natalie) and man (James) in front of bamboo

We are James and Natalie – newly-weds & nature lovers!

We want to give you the best information possible on bamboo. Get inspired to grow bamboo or to switch to natural bamboo products!